Friday , 21 June 2024

At Least 237 Executions in 5 Months; 64 Executed in May

Iran Human Rights (IHRNGO) – Iran Human Rights has recorded at least 64 executions in May and 237 executions in the first five months of 2024.

According to data collected by Iran Human Rights, at least 64 people were executed in 18 different Iranian prisons and at least 237 were executed in the first five months of 2024.

Of the 64 executions recorded in May, 35 were for drug-related offences, 26 were for murder charges, two people for charges of moharebeh (enmity against god) and one person for rape. Amongst them were 4 women, 6 Baluch, 4 Kurds and 3 Afghan nationals.

Of the 237 executions recorded in the first five months of 2024, 138 were for drug-related offences, 83 were for murder charges, 14 for charges of moharebeh and two for rape. Amongst them were 10 women, 31 Baluch, 14 Kurds and 13 Afghan nationals.

There was a 32% drop in the number of executions compared to the same period in 2023 when 314 executions were recorded. This decrease was due to the parliamentary elections in February and the presidential elections currently taking place as a result of Ebrahim Raisi’s death. According to IHRNGO’s recorded execution trends over the last two decades, execution rates typically decrease during those events and there is a meaningful correlation between the timing of the executions and political events. However, there has been a 117% increase in the number of Afghan nationals executed compared to the previous year.

There has also been a 67% increase in the number of women executed compared to the same period last year when six executions were recorded. Of the 10 recorded executions in 2024, 60% were hanged for drug-related offences.

Kurdish-Sunni political prisoners Davoud AbdollahiFarhad SalimiAnwar Khezri and Khosro Besharat who were sentenced to death based on torture-tainted confessions and without due process and a fair trial in a joint case of seven people, were all executed in the first five months of 2024. Two of their co-defendants, Ghasem Abasteh and Ayoub Karimi were executed in November 2023. The last surviving defendant, Kamran Sheikheh who was recently transferred from Ghezelhesar Prison to Mahabad Prison, is at grave risk of execution.

Arvin Ghahremani, a 20-year-old Jewish man who is on death row for a murder he is alleged to have committed when he was 18, is also at grave risk of execution in Kermanshah Central Prison after his appeal was rejected by the Supreme Court which intentionally ignored key errors in the case.